The kufiya is part of an ancient tradition of Middle Eastern textile weaving. Its pattern was first used in ancient Mesopotamia. Since the 1930s it has become a symbol of Palestinian resistance. It is traditionally worn like a scarf, as protection from the elements, but there is no wrong way to wear it. The last remaining kufiya producer in Palestine is the Hirbawi factory, located in Al-Khalil (Hebron). Fourteen of its sixteen looms sit idle, due to cheap imports and hundreds of barriers erected by Israel to destroy the Palestinian economy. Hirbawi continues to make all of its kufiyas of 100% cotton.
Proceeds from the sale of these kufiyas, benefit the Palestinian producers and the International Solidarity Movement, which sends volunteers to Palestine for nonviolent resistance against Israeli land confiscation and military occupation.